A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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Barres, Loyola, and the Novel Michel Beaujour pp. This subjective element, however, cannot overdetermine the interaction that takes place and Iser is careful to frequently warn against assuming that interpretations and texts “[disappear] into the private world of [their] individual readers.

Project MUSE – The Reader in the Text

These blanks and negations, says Iser, refer to an unformulated background: The Reader in the Text: Reading as a Personal Transaction Norman N. Here he explains the actual process of interaction text and reader. In the latter case, literature would have nothing, or at least nothing valuable, to communicate AR, The main reason, according to Iser, is that consistency is essential to the very act of comprehension.

In the New Critical approach, qualities such as harmony are considered valuable in their own right.

Wolfgang Iser

The basic three factors to govern this interaction are. Views Read Edit View history.


Iser gives a reply to this problem stating that the “No-thing” of a literary text governs the interaction between text and reader. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. His point here is that reading is an active and creative process. Nonetheless, elements of the classical norm have crept into this new approach: This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser

Experience is man’s invisibility to man. Many of the other “reader response” functions enabled by WORP also beg future readers ebtween further interactions.

The other pole of the text which is known as the artistic pole is the writer’s pole or how that writer wants the text to be interpreted. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Those conditions or factors have their own influence on the interaction between text and reader. Negativity is the structure underlying this invalidation or questioning of the manifested reality AR, In the same way, two people gazing at the night sky may both be looking at the same collection of stars, but one will see the image of a plough, and the other will make out a dipper.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

To illustrate this, Iser uses the example of constellations: As readers, we cannot absorb even a short text in a single moment, nor does the fictional world of the text pass in linear fashion before our eyes IR, Different readers will decide to fill in the various gaps in different ways, allowing for inexhaustible realizations of the text within its provided interpretive limits.

In this theory of modernity is self-assertion, which responds to the destruction of scholastic rationalism in the interction revolution with William of Ockham.


The reader no more remains a reader but becomes a participant in the interaction.

This paradox suggests the ambiguities inherent in the concept of audience. In other words, everything that has been incorporated into a literary text has been deprived of its reality, and is subjected to new and unfamiliar connections.

This page was last edited on 31 Octoberat For Iser, reading is propelled by the reactions and responses of readers. Iser has criticisms of all of these models. Hereafter wplfgang as AR.

The reader must formulate the cause underlying this questioning of the world, and to do this, she must transcend that world, observing it, as it were, from the outside. While Iser suggests that a reader and a text enter into a kind of conversation, WORP makes possible the extension of this dialogue to include other readers.

In the right-hand frame shown in the figure, an annotation to the phrase “unsex’d woman” appears. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Hence we try to find a balance between these two conflicting interactikn. The meaning of the text is not formulated by the text sier but is a projection of the reader. We attempt to understand the material of the text within a consistent and coherent framework because it is this which allows us to make sense of whatever is unfamiliar to us in the text IR,