Background Key Concepts of Jomini to Continental Strategy Jomini’s Ideas and their Validation on the Nature of Warfare Contributions in Advancing Strategic. interpreting his contributions to strategy and the art of war: Antoine Henri Jomini ( ) and Carl von Clausewitz (%. ). The purpose of this. Baron Antoine Reuri Jomini is generally recognized as the dominant military strategist tactics and strategy, particularly that of the South, and the inevitable.
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Craig, and Felix Gilbert. Aiding in Russia in jomimi Napoleon’s efforts to conquer Eastern EuropeJomini was allowed to abstain from all military action that took place on French soil.
The Present Theory of War and Its Utility
Retrieved 12 February He served for a while as chief of staff to his long-time mentor, Marshal Ney. Despite his insistence that theory must be descriptive rather than prescriptive in nature, Clausewitz frequently provides instructive discussions of common military problems jomiji contested river crossings, the defense of mountainous areas, etc.
However, stratfgy similarity is hidden by the standard English translation, which substitutes the term “diplomacy”—i. He saw war as a “great drama,” a stage for heroes and military geniuses whose talents were beyond the comprehension of mere mortals. Despite his agreement that war was essentially a political act, he pointed to the practical implications of this different focus: He drew his theoretical and practical prescriptions from his experiences in the Napoleonic wars. In his Precis he defined for the first time the three main strategg of military activity—strategy, tactics, and logistics—and postulated his “Fundamental Principle of War.
Nonetheless, they interacted intellectually, influencing one another’s thinking over a long period of time. In the Spanish campaign of his advice was often of the highest value to the marshal, but Jomini quarrelled with his chief, and he was left almost at the mercy of his numerous enemies, especially Louis Alexandre Berthierthe emperor’s chief of staff. The Duke of Wellington considered him a pompous charlatan. Purely military history is of a thankless and difficult kind, for, in order to be useful to men of the art, it requires details not less dry than minute, but necessary in order to cause positions and movements to be judged accurately.
He also advocated use of the turning movement, through which an adversary was overcome by moving beyond its position and attacking from the rear, and believed that adversaries in retreat should continue to be pursued as a means of beating them psychologically.
Guichard, Turpin, Maizeroy, Menil-Durand, sustained controversies upon the tactics of the ancients as well as upon that of their own time, and gave some interesting treatises upon those matters. But the art, confined to the understanding of great captain, existed in no written treatise.
The remaining notes are from the original. These points are most easily found in the bibliographical essay which opened the original French edition of the Summary” Notice: As a military strategist, he was often compared with Prussian contemporary Karl Marie von Clausewitzwhose treatise Vom Kriege was considered by many scholars to be romanticized. Jomini, Baron de, trans. He succeeded, however, in overcoming the resistance of his enemies and took part in the Congress of Vienna.
Antoine Henri Jomini Baron Antoine Henri Jomini drew on his experience in the armies of French Emperor Jmini Bonaparte to write the first systematic study of military strategy.
Turpin commented on Montecuculi and Vegetius; the Marquis de Silva in Piedmont, Santa Cruz in Spain, had also discussed some parts with success; finally d’Escremeville sketched a history of the art, which was not devoid of merit.
In his histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great, the French Revolutionand Napoleon, Jomini expounded what he saw as the essence of the offensive strategy of Napoleonic warfare. He was also definitely aware of Clausewitz and presumably had some notion as stdategy his ideas. Most discussions of Jomini compare him to Clausewitz.
Clausewitz, Jomimi believe I am correct in concluding that the ensemble of my principles and of the maxims which are derived from them, has been badly comprehended by several writers; that some have made the most erroneous application of them; that others have drawn from them exaggerated consequences which have never been able to enter my head, for a general officer, after having assisted in a dozen campaigns, ought to know that war is a great drama, in which a thousand physical or moral causes operate more or less powerfully, and which cannot be reduced to mathematical calculations.
Clausewitz, Jomini, and the American Civil War. After the Peace of TilsitJomini was made chief of the staff to Ney and created a baron. The Man and his Letters Annapolis: He included a critical history of the military actions of Frederick II, “the Great,” during the Seven Years’ War, contrasting them unfavorably with the battles waged by Napoleon Bonaparte.
Antoine-Henri Jomini – Wikipedia
Some essays have been attempted towards a history of the art, from the stategy down to our time. Angered and humiliated at his treatment, he traded allegiances, left France, and joined the Russian Army as lieutenant general and aide-de-camp to Alexander I.
Although he is often called the “high-priest of Napoleon” Liddell Hart’s and J. Roquancourt has treated the same subjects with more success. History at once political and military offers more attractions, but is also much more difficult to treat and does not accord easily with didactic species; for, in order not to destroy jokini narration, one should suppress precisely all those details which make the merit of a military narrative.
Overtures had been made to him, as early asto enter the Russian service, but Napoleon, hearing of his intention to leave the French army, compelled him to remain in the service with the rank of general of brigade.
I have not thought it my duty to make mention, in the above notice, of the military historical works which have signalized our epoch, because they do not in reality enter into the subject which I have to treat. But although that author has resolved none of those questions in manner to make of them a connected system, it is necessary to render him the justice to strqtegy that he first pointed out the good route.
Jomini: The Present Theory of War and Its Utility
I have said that I was the first to attempt that demonstration, which others improved ten years after me, without, however, it being yet complete. Meanwhile, in order not to be accused of pedantry, I hasten to avow that, by knowledge, I do not mean a vast erudition; it is not the question to know a great deal but to know well; to know especially what relates to the mission appointed us.
Meanwhile, instead of replying to the reproach, and of giving utterance to a single grievance, he has found it more simple to retaliate by injuries, to which a military man will never reply in books, which should have another object than collecting personalities.