Akbar introduced a new system for regulating imperial services which was called Mansabdari system. It was introduced in A. D. All the. MANSABDARI SYSTEM Discuss the evolution of Mansabdari system under Akbar. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and. Mansabdari System was a system introduced by Akbar for military administration and territorial commands (grant and revenue) to sustain parts.
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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and institution it was developed by Shahajahan.
Akbar was the architect of the Mansabdari system, an institution of political and mansabfari significance that played a critical role sgstem the consolidation and disin- tegration of the Mughal Empire. Administering a kingdom or a state requires officials and their staff. The Mughal dynasty was based on military force. They maintained a very strong and efficient army. Akbar was the greatest emperor of the Mughal era, and he organized the whole army based on Mansabdari system.
Akbar gave mansabs to both military and civil officers based on their merit or service to the state. To fix the grades of officers and classify his soldiers, he was broadly inspired by the principles adopted by Chingiz Khan. Mansab denoted three things: The mansab was required to maintain the whole Mughal army. Irvin, great scholar of Mughal army system has stated that the Mansabdari system determined the rank, payscale, and the position of the imperial systej in the royal court in respect of other government officers.
Though these men were normally aristocrats, yet they could not organise a feudal aristocracy, because neither the offices nor the estates that supported them were earned in heredity. The mansabs were from 10, in the beginning but later they were enhanced upto 50, According to Athar Ali, the Mansabdari system as introduced by Akbar was very different in many vital aspects from the earlier existing systems.
The system was more complex and more manageable with all mansabdars owing direct subordination to the king. It was an organization of civil, military ecclesiastical services rolled into one office.
It was a rank in Mughal governmental organization. Sir Jadunath Sarkar suggests that Akbar organised this system which he saw as the empire’s administrative machinery on the military basis. Mansabdars held dual ranks – zat and sawar, the former indicated the status of the officer in the administrative hierarchy, and which also determined the personal pay.
Mansabdars were divided into three classes on, the basis of the ratio between their zat and sawar ranks. The salaries and obligation of maintaining troops were governed by a definite set of rules which underwent changes from time to time. The law of escheat zabtiaccording to which when a mansabdar died all his property was confiscated by the emperor.
This measure had been introduced so that the mansabdars did not exploit the people in a high-handed manner.
The mansabdari system had two distinct characteristics; irrespective of their ranks the mansabdars was directly subordinate to the emperor.
Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration
This meant mxnsabdari there was little opportunity for promotion within the system. Thus, each rank was exclusive in itself. They were given contingents which were to be managed by officers appointed by the mansabdar. According to Jadunath Sarkar, Zat was the original rank, indicating the officer’s position while sawar was the military rank indicative of the military obligations of the officer. The sawar rank was equal or less than the zat and the actual position of the mansabdar were to be identified by syste, zat.
Mansabdari System – General Knowledge Today
In Akbar’s time, the lowest mansabdar was the commander of 10 and the highest was of 10, At the beginning of akbar’s reign, rigid rules were not framed in this respect.
Thus, we find, in the mansabdari system there were instances where the sawar rank exceeded zat. It appears that the khanzads house- born; descendants of mansabdar had the first claim. Out of a total number of mansabdars holding the rank of and above during the reign of Aurangzeb, the khanzads numbered about Apart from the khanzads, several mansabdars were recruited from the zamindars chieftains.
Out of mansabdars inthere were 81 zamindars. The Mughals also welcomed Persian.
Chagatai, Uzbeks as well as the Deccanis in the mansabdari. Certain racial groups were well entrenched. They were the Turanis Central AsiansIranis, Afghans, Indian Muslims shaikhzadasRajputs, Marathas and the Deccanis, the last two were recruited by Aurangzeb on larger scale due to military reasons.
This system under the Mughals in India was the product of an evolutionary process. This institution was borrowed in some form from Western Asia and modified to suit the needs of the time in India. It was the main institution of the Mughal Empire, which embraced both civil and military sectors of administration.
The system was developed to create a centralized administrative system as well as creating a large force. Mansabdars and their large forces were used to expand the empire and administer it effectively.
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